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【痤瘡 Acne】

【痤瘡】是一種毛囊皮脂腺的慢性感染性疾病,也稱為尋常性痤瘡、青春痘,俗稱痘痘,在毛囊被死皮細胞和來自皮膚的油脂堵塞且感染時出現。臨床表現可為丘疹、膿疱、結節、囊腫及瘢痕。任何人也有機會出現痤瘡,大部份發生於青春期男女的臉部、胸部上部和背部含皮脂腺數量相對較多的的部位。根據其嚴重程度,痤瘡會導致情緒困擾並在皮膚上留下疤痕。越早開始治療,出現此類問題的風險就越低。

任何種族和年齡的人都可患上痤瘡,但最常見於青少年和青年人。青少年期出現的痤瘡更常見於男性。痤瘡可以在成年後繼續,而這樣的情況更常見於女性。

類型

  • 白頭粉刺(毛孔堵塞)
  • 黑頭(開放堵塞的毛孔)
  • 小紅色、柔軟的腫塊(丘疹)
  • 丘疹(膿皰),是尖端有膿的丘疹
  • 皮下大的、堅實的、疼痛的腫塊(結節)
  • 皮下出現疼痛、充滿膿液的腫塊(囊性病灶)

痤瘡通常出現在臉部、額頭、胸部、上背部和肩部。

Acne is a common skin disease that causes pimples. Pimples form when hair follicles under your skin clog up. Most pimples form on the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders. Anyone can get acne, but it is common is most common among teenagers, though it affects people of all ages. Depending on its severity, acne can cause emotional distress and scar the skin. The earlier you start treatment, the lower your risk of such problems.

People of all races and ages get acne, but it is most common in teens and young adults. When acne appears during the teenage years, it is more common in males. Acne can continue into adulthood, and when it does, it is more common in women.

Types

  • Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)
  • Blackheads (open plugged pores)
  • Small red, tender bumps (papules)
  • Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus at their tips
  • Large, solid, painful lumps under the skin (nodules)
  • Painful, pus-filled lumps under the skin (cystic lesions)

Acne usually appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders.

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